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Citation Guides  

Last Updated: Jan 18, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Citation Fundamentals

Watch these tutorials to learn about using your sources effectively and avoiding plagiarism.


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Overview of Citation Systems

Different academic disciplines have specific guidelines for organizing material and citing sources. These rules are published as style manuals. While each citation system is distinct, the underlying rationale is the same--to facilitate written communication among members in a scholarly community.

This guide includes information about commonly used citation styles. View the tabs above to learn more.


Anatomy of a Citation

What is a Citation?

A citation is the basic information required to identify and locate a specific publication (e.g. book, book chapter, article, website, video, etc).

Parts of a Citation*

Source Example

Author Name. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. 

Macfarlane, Bruce. Researching with Integrity: The Ethics of Academic Enquiry. New York: Routledge, 2009.   

Book Chapter

Author Name. "Chapter Title." Book Title. Editor. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Chapter Page Numbers.

Tan, Amy. “Yes and No.” The Genius of Language: Fifteen Writers Reflect on Their Mother Tongues. Ed. Wendy Lesser. New York: Pantheon Books, 2004. 25-34.

Journal Article

Author Name. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume Number.Issue Number (Year): Article Page Numbers.

Hess, Mickey. "Was Foucault A Plagiarist? Hip-Hop Sampling And Academic Citation." Computers & Composition 23.3 (2006): 280-295.


Author Name. "Title of Page/Work." Title of Website. Publisher of Site. Date of Publication. Date of Access.

Stolley, Karl, Allen Brizee and Joshua M. Paiz. "Avoiding Plagiarism." Purdue OWL. Purdue University. 7 May 2012. 27 Sept. 2012.

*Note: The order and punctuation of the citation components is dictated by the style you use.


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